عنوان مقاله [English]
Third-party funding in international arbitration (TPF), as one of the methods of funding arrangements for international arbitration is an emerging phenomenon whose use is rapidly increasing, it plays a very important role in the development and expansion of international arbitration, and it has also challenged national legislators. This phenomenon has gradually attracted the attention of the arbitration community and as an undeniable and important fact, along with the expansion, different aspects of it are revealed. In less than a decade, TPF has entered the main stage of the international commercial arbitration market. On the one hand, "TPF" puts many bankrupt companies or small and medium-sized companies and even many large companies in a position where they can pursue their lawsuits in international arbitration authorities without financial worries; And on the other hand, it gives many investors an opportunity to use their funds in such a new business after experiencing the global financial crisis of 2008, which is not dependent on the functioning and profitability of financial markets or capital such as stocks. The development and expansion of any phenomenon first of all requires its cognition. It is expected that reading this article will help to understand this concept in Iran's legal system. No matter how much the use of "TPF" in international arbitration develops and expands, this issue will cause the expansion and development of arbitration. For this reason, this phenomenon has been introduced as the most important factor in the development of international arbitration in the world in the coming years.