نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، مدرس دانشگاه علمی کاربردی واحد فرماندهی انتظامی استان خوزستان، اهواز، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)
2 دکتری حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، مدیر گروه حقوق مرکز علمی کاربردی جهاد دانشگاهی اهواز، اهواز، ایران
3 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، مدرس دانشگاه علمی و کاربردی اهواز، اهواز، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Air accidents are one of the rare occurrences, but for some reason they are more important than other conventional means of transportation, and therefore countries are sensitive to these accidents, and its domestic and international aspects are prominent. In the domestic law of most countries and international law, there are jurisdictional courts for events similar to the crash of a Ukrainian plane involving several international factors. The main and first principle is territorial jurisdiction. In this article, we intend to investigate the crash of a Ukrainian plane in Iran with flight number 752, which was a passenger flight belonging to the Ukrainian International Airlines from Tehran to Kiev, which was targeted and shot down by the air defense of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. Are courts other than Iranian courts legally competent to hear these cases, or is it incorrect to raise issues such as whether Canadian or Ukrainian courts can hear victims' claims? Note that the scope of this article is only the realization of the rights of survivors and victims and does not address other possible claims. This article has been written analytically and descriptively in order to be accepted by the scientific community.