نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بین الملل، دانشکده الهیات و علوم اسلامی، دانشگاه پیام نور تهران، تهران، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)
2 کارشناس ارشد حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، دانشگاه مفید قم، قم، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Extradition of criminals literally means the extradition or return of an accused or delinquent person from the country where the crime took place to the requesting country. This argument is first mentioned in Islam and in the Holy Quran (verse 32 of Surah Maedah). From the second half of the nineteenth century, the issue of extradition of criminals in the form of reciprocal action became widespread, and to this day, despite this condition of reciprocity, this issue has remained common and legal. In the criminal law of countries, although there is a difference in the condition of being competent in some of their spatial jurisdictions, in the case of extradition, reciprocity of action is a common and reasonable condition. Proper handling of the extradition issue From the beginning of sending the extradition request by the requesting government to the end of the case and accepting the extradition and returning the person subject to extradition has conditions and methods that the correct action can achieve better and more desirable results and results. Some of these conditions are related to the nature of the extradition issue and some are related to the manner in which it is done, which in this study, far from being a review, only occasionally mentions their challenges. This article or section needs sources or references that appear in credible, third-party publications.