عنوان مقاله [English]
Citizenship rights are one of the intellectual foundations of democracy and the basic concepts of democratic life. Citizenship is a category that is tied to the concept of the culture of each society and the culture of each border and environment is derived from the three basic realms of social activities, the political environment and the economic status of that society. In a civil society, the rights of an individual include: fundamental rights, meaning the fundamental rights of the citizens of a society, political rights, meaning the right to participate in political processes, social rights, which include economic rights and minimum standards of living in social facilities. The degree of observance and attention to citizen's rights in any country can be measured by the scale of legislative assemblies and other legislative bodies. In this regard, citizenship rights, as one of the most obvious individual and group rights, has a significant contribution to the feeling of social justice, so that the degree of observance of citizenship rights in the society is considered a suitable criterion for measuring social, political, economic and cultural inequalities. In general, respect for the rights of citizens and their observance and guarantee in a society far from color, language, race, ethnicity and religion have always been emphasized, especially in the Islamic society of Iran, whose foundations are laid according to the standards of Islam. Today, citizenship rights and attention to political and civil rights, economic, social, and cultural rights and freedoms, judicial rights of members of the society are one of the inseparable elements of every constitution, and the need to pay attention and protect citizenship rights in the numerous principles of the fifth chapter (Laws nation) the constitution of the republic is clearly stated. Therefore, the main meaning of citizenship rights is to observe and preserve the rights of individuals and human beings in the larger part of society, and citizens should enjoy all rights, including political and civil rights, judicial rights, economic and welfare rights.