نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری فقه و مبانی حقوق اسلامی، دانشکده الهیات و معارف اسلامی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)
2 دانشیار گروه فقه و مبانی حقوق اسلامی، دانشکده الهیات و معارف اسلامی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The issue of the difference in rights between Muslims and infidels is clearly visible in different aspects of jurisprudence and law. On the other hand, it seems that Islam emphasizes the principle of human dignity in all its principles and rules, so it should be seen whether this difference in rights between Muslims and infidels is compatible with the principle of human dignity. This research, which was carried out with a descriptive-analytical method, shows that the generality of the Qur'anic verses and the non-assignment of dignity to Muslims, the first principle in relations with non-Muslims, the principle of justice in rights, the basis of human rights and the principle of freedom of opinion, reflect the whole view of inherent dignity. It is for all human beings. Therefore, it seems that those proofs of human dignity that are in conflict with the proofs of the difference in rights between Muslims and infidels refer to acquired dignity. Therefore, all human beings, both Muslims and non-Muslims, have inherent dignity, but in the field of acquired dignity, it is the individual's choice that under which rank he can enjoy what rights.