نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناس ارشد حقوق عمومی، دانشگاه غیرانتفاعی شمال آمل، آمل، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)
2 استادیار گروه حقوق عمومی، دانشگاه غیرانتفاعی شمال آمل، آمل، ایران
3 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ساری، ساری، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
In most of the current legal systems of the world, institutions that have a separate personality from the central government organizations have been created to administer public duties. These organizations are effective tools for the central government in order to carry out specialized executive and general tasks that require independence and distance from political issues, although there is no uniform model in this regard. Non-governmental public institutions in our country are also among these organizations that were created to provide services that are public. Public non-governmental institutions and organizations in Iran were identified with the approval of the country's public accounting law in 1987, and the official activity of these institutions expanded after the approval of the law on the list of non-governmental public institutions in 1994. According to Article (3) of the Civil Service Management Law approved in 2007 non-governmental institutions and public institutions are specific organizational units that have legal independence and were established with the approval of the Islamic Council and receive more than 50% of their annual budget from non-governmental sources. It is responsible for duties and services that are public. According to the legal documents, it can be said that this legal entity was created in the origin of the law approved by the Islamic Council, that is, according to the law in the special sense and in the case that some institutions with general functions and having other characteristics Public non-governmental institutions created by other institutions such as the government, the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution, etc., are not usually recognized under this title. One of the essential features of these institutions, which can be defined based on its purpose, is to be in charge of duties and services that are public, and on the other hand, they do not pursue profit-making.