نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه فقه و حقوق، پژوهشگاه فرهنگ و اندیشه اسلامی، قم، ایران
2 کارشناس ارشد حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، دانشگاه مفید قم، قم، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)
3 طلبه دروس خارج حوزه علمیه قم، دانشجوی دکتری حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، دانشگاه تهران، پردیس بینالمللی ارس، ارس، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Basically, Multiplicity of crimes are committed by criminals who have a dangerous state. As a result, it is necessary to examine this issue in a special way. In Iran's penal system, the subject of multiplicity of crimes (especially material multiplicity) has faced many changes to the extent that the legislator has given a new form to these issues by approving the Islamic Penal Law approved in 2013 and then in the Law on Reducing the Punishment of Imprisonment, approved in 2019. These noticeable changes have faced the writers with a challenging problem; The question that exists is that the material multiplicity of crime (Hodood, Retaliation and Diat) from the perspective of Iranian jurisprudence and criminal laws includes what branches and topics? According to the jurisprudential background, the issues of interference and non-interference of causes and the viewpoints of Khamsa religions can be proposed and evaluated in this field. From the point of view of Iranian criminal law, cases such as Article 132 of the Islamic Penal Code and the exceptions listed in its notes are among the main topics of this issue that have been examined in this article. This research is written in a descriptive-analytical way in a library style.