نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، مدرس دانشگاه علمی و کاربردی اهواز، اهواز، ایران
2 کارشناس ارشد آموزش زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه پیام نور مرکز رشت، رشت، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)
3 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، مدرس دانشگاه علمی و کاربردی اهواز، اهواز، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
After the system based on correction and treatment and the failure of the prison project, the second generation of punishment came into being, which was introduced as the system of restorative justice but in recent years, the third generation of punishment called participatory justice has been discussed and accepted in legal meetings and doctrine, but with the clarification of the policy of restorative and participatory justice, the speed of desire towards it has become greater and more successful and in the Code of Criminal Procedure adopted in 2013, in several articles the discussion of mediation and resolving the chapter of lawsuits has been mentioned, And this point of view is even mentioned in the Islamic Penal Code approved in 2013 under different headings, which can be referred to as alternative punishment of imprisonment and semi-liberty system. Because the involvement of victims and offenders in criminal matters will be a kind of participation in punishment and participation of the rehabilitation of the offender and return of the third side of the criminal justice system to society. In general expression when the legislator uses the title and the word “Can” it means that it wants to expand the participation, which has become more detailed in the law on reducing prison sentences.