نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بین الملل، دانشکده الهیات و علوم اسلامی، دانشگاه پیام نور تهران، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The issue of extradition of criminals has its own rules and regulations, and the legal principles governing this issue are the structure of this structure. These principles have become so frequent in the present age and have found a status, status and obligation that firstly in the general domestic law of extradition of states and in the extradition treaties between them is mentioned and emphasized and secondly even if it is specified in domestic law or their treaties If not, these principles govern the actions taken on the issue of extradition. Principles such as the principle of non-surrender or the principle of non-extradition in political crimes are the framework and scope that states that sometimes use the issue of extradition for their purely political purposes, as well as principles such as the principle of reciprocity of criminal acts or the principle Allocation has become necessary in order to protect the legitimate rights and freedoms of individuals and originated from the principles of human rights vis-.-Vis governments. This study reviews these principles and provides accurate criteria and lines to assess the compliance or angle of government actions in the issue of extradition of criminals with the rules and norms of international law. Observance of the principles and obstacles explained in this study by governments can give legitimacy and legality to their actions in the issue of extradition.