نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دکتری حقوق کیفری و جرم شناسی، مدرس دانشگاه باختر ایلام، ایلام، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)
2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق کیفری و جرم شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تبریز، تبریز، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The environment is a place for human survival and development, and without a healthy environment, the human soul will not achieve growth and excellence. Unfortunately, in the process of development and industrialization, countries have not paid much attention to environmental protection and in the process of profitable economic and industrial activities, environmental protection has not had an acceptable position. In this context, the issue of waste and waste disposal management has become one of the serious environmental issues. Disposal of waste in the marine and non-marine environment has caused problems such as various diseases and the destruction of some ecosystems such as seas, wetlands and forests. These problems have prompted the international community to use all available means to address them. In this regard, the process of paying attention to environmental pollution caused by waste began in earnest in the 1970s, which led to the ratification of numerous international instruments and the cooperation of international governmental and non-governmental organizations to deal with waste. Governments also sought to work diligently with the international system to develop their domestic laws in this area, given the adverse effects of waste on their economic, social, political and cultural conditions. The method of the present research is descriptive-analytical.