نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد فقه و مبانی حقوق، دانشکده معارف اسلامی و حقوق، دانشگاه امام صادق (ع)، تهران ، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)
2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق عمومی، دانشکده معارف اسلامی و حقوق، دانشگاه امام صادق (ع)، تهران ، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Privacy is a natural and inalienable right of the individual, and attention to it, as one of the most fundamental examples of human rights, has arisen from respect for human dignity and values based on freedoms. The existence of various privacy breaches in society is a clear indication that adequate legal and judicial protections are not applied to the privacy of individuals in society. After reviewing the relevant laws, it was found that the dignity, life, property, rights, housing and occupation of persons are inviolable and this immunity is explicitly in the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran and domestic criminal law, religious jurisprudential sources, International Covenant on Civil Rights. And politically, the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of the Islamic Declaration of Human Rights and other national and international instruments are explicitly stated. In such a situation, in addition to the need to develop a privacy law to address the legal gap in this regard, informing about the concepts and examples of privacy and the experiences of other countries in the field of privacy protection can also have an important impact in determining the status of this Have the right to personal and social relations. All of this now necessitates understanding the norms and concepts that exist regarding privacy in sharia and law. Therefore, supporting the personality of individuals and the rights of citizens requires the protection of privacy, and it should be examined to what extent people are free in their privacy and to what extent the government can expand or narrow its scope. Important will be examined.