نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دکتری حقوق بین الملل عمومی، استادیار گروه حقوق، دانشگاه پیام نور، واحد سپیدان، فارس، ایران
2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق کیفری و جرم شناسی، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه شیراز (نویسنده مسئول)
عنوان مقاله [English]
The international community has increased cooperation and judicial assistance at the international level to effectively combat with various forms of transnational and international crimes. One of the most important types of this cooperation is the extradition of criminals based on bilateral or multilateral agreements or based on regional and international conventions. The review of extradition laws in the three countries of Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan is due to the uniformity of political rule in these three countries, the Islamic Republic, even though the title of (Islamic Republic) has a different meaning in each of them. All extradition laws follow a series of similar and similar principles and forms, but nevertheless, the extradition law of Afghanistan, in addition to being up-to-date and observing the previous principles, considers the principles such as the principle of observance of Human rights standards and the prohibition of extradition of a woman or child of Afghan citizenship or the prohibition of extradition of a foreign child without citizenship to foreign countries also provide for the immunity of witnesses and experts in the extradition law. This article seeks to study the conditions governing extradition in three Islamic and neighboring countries in order to achieve a precise and common understanding of the compliance of their laws and agreements between them with the basic principles of extradition. Reviewing and reminding the extradition law of iran and the obsolescence of cases such as misdemeanor and criminal penalties is suggested.