نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناس ارشد حقوق خصوصی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)
2 استادیار گروه حقوق، موسسه آموزش عالی رهجویان دانش، بوشهر، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
On the threshold of 2020; the world was faced with a dangerous and pervasive phenomenon called the coronavirus or Covid-19. The virus led to severe damage to private individuals and legal entities. In addition to various social, cultural, and economic dimensions, it also has legal aspect. In the present study, an attempt has been made to explain the various aspects of civil liability of private individuals resulting from the coronavirus and the factors that relieve individuals of responsibility by examining Imamiyah jurisprudence and domestic law. In jurisprudential and legal sources, several principles have been considered for the civil liability of individuals, including waste, causation, harmlessness and premonition, and so on. The people are responsible not only intentionally but also for any negligence in following the medical instructions in a situation where we face the risk of Corona epidemic in the country. But in some circumstances, responsibility can be transferred from the transferor according to jurisprudential rules such as charity and action.