نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه حقوق بین الملل، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه قم، قم، ایران
2 کارشناس ارشد حقوق بین الملل، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه قم، قم، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)
عنوان مقاله [English]
On January 3, 2020, on the orders of US President Donald Trump, Sardar Soleimani's car was targeted by a drone near Baghdad airport. This violates a number of obligations, including the prohibition of the use of force, the prohibition of interference in the internal affairs of other countries, the right to life and diplomatic rights, and therefore, in addition to the international responsibility of the United States. This action, and on top of that, has followed Donald Trump. The non-membership of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq and the United States in the International Criminal Court, on the one hand, and the United States' veto power in the UN Security Council, on the other, face a serious challenge in filing a lawsuit in the International Criminal Court. Special tribunal can be set up, and in this regard, it is necessary to take into account the experience of the international community in establishing the last special tribunal in 2013, which deals with the crimes of the president of a country (Chad) Has been, benefited. The present article aims to find a mechanism through which the feasibility of filing a lawsuit in the International Criminal Court and the establishment of a special court can be used to deal with the impunity of the crime in question.