نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد سمنان، سمنان، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)
2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد سمنان، سمنان، ایران
3 کارشناس حقوق، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد سمنان، سمنان، ایران
4 کارشناسی حقوق، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد سمنان، سمنان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Looking at the philosophy of law, one of the main functions of law is to regulate social relations at every level, which individuals must harmonize with the laws and regulations of the subject. Therefore, those who violate these basic legal rules in any way must be held accountable at every level. In addition to this issue, we come to two-dimensional responsibility, that one dimension of which is the aspect of civil liability of some legal entities (such as governments) in the second place; Sometimes we have to obtain criminal enforcement guarantees for individuals (involved in the case); Why one of the basic principles of criminal law, whether domestic or international, is the need to be accountable for actions and behavior. In this research, according to the description presented with a descriptive-analytical approach, we are looking for a convincing answer to the question that some interactions formed contrary to the rules and order and international peace, which seriously endangers it, should not have reached a level in the world today that reached a level where it can hold such individuals, both real and legal, accountable for their actions, regardless of political issues, by identifying legal responsibilities be questioned?