عنوان مقاله [English]
Judicial officers have a very important role in detecting a crime and conducting a preliminary investigation, in which there is a risk of violating the rights of the accused. The protection of civil rights is closely related to the actions and decisions of officers. Therefore, while the observance of citizenship rights depends on the correct and fair actions of judicial, law enforcement and intelligence officials, the first to face a criminal phenomenon are judicial officers. The first stage in which the rights of individuals may be violated is the stage of crime detection and prosecution. In this regard, the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Law on Respect for Legitimate Freedoms and the Protection of Citizenship, and the Code of Criminal Procedure can be mentioned, which have moved towards the observance of citizenship rights. Examining the duties and responsibilities of judicial officers in the Code of Criminal Procedure, especially Articles 28 to 63, we can understand the importance and status of civil rights for which enforcement is guaranteed, and it is a fact that more duties are assigned to officers. And has increased the cases that officers are also prohibited from doing. Also, the attention and efforts of the officials have caused the Charter of Citizenship Rights to be prepared by the Vice President for Legal Affairs, which also shows the importance and status of citizenship rights.