نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دانشجوی دکتری حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
With the advent of corona, various aspects of human life were transformed and affected and faced with serious challenges. One of the levels affected by corona is criminal justice, especially in the field of juvenile delinquency. The important effects of Corona on the issue of juvenile criminal justice are related to the rate of crime, the quality of prosecution and response to crimes, and the enforcement of legal guarantees for juvenile delinquents and the rights and requirements to be observed in relation to children deprived of their liberty during Corona. Therefore, this article seeks to answer the question of how the Corona virus affects the criminal justice system in terms of juvenile delinquency rates, requirements and requisites governing the accountability system and requirements for protection of juveniles deprived of liberty in Iran and the United States of America. This article will try to answer the research questions by descriptive and analytical method and by using library resources and statistics published in the media or obtained from official sources by a researcher with a comparative study in the United States. According to studies and measures taken in Iran and the United States, the conclusion is that reducing the rate of crimes committed during the corona in terms of crime rates, adopting a soft responding system, including mechanisms to reduce the criminal population, such as suspending criminal prosecution, criminal mediation, Suspension of punishment, community-based punishment in terms of the requirements of the accountability system, use of appropriate measures to ensure the health of prisoners, providing virtual connections for education and meeting with parents in terms of support for children and adolescents deprived of liberty with The intensity and variability of the variables in the two legal systems is one of the most important developments affecting the corona in the area in question in the field of criminal justice for children and adolescents in Iran and the United States.