1 استاد مدعو گروه علوم سیاسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه پیام نور، آبادان، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)
2 استادیار گروه حقوق، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Citizenship, and citizenship rights are new concepts that have paid special attention to equality, and justice, and have special role in different political, social, and legal theories. These rights are based on three principles of civil, political, and social rights, and are considered as main human rights' pillars. Citizenship rights are achieved in democratic states with three factor of membership, rights, and cooperation. A close, and mixed relation between a civic society, and citizenship is seen while studying the citizenship rights. It seems that the civic society is the precondition, and an enforcement factor for exercising of citizenship rights. In other words, if citizens play a better role in their citizenship in relation to power and politics through active and effective participation through civic institutions, they can be very effective in reforming and improving political affairs and strengthening the democratic foundations of the political system. This papers in a descriptive-analytical manner seeks to study the role, and position of the civic society in the citizenship rights beside of studying its concepts, and bases.