عنوان مقاله [English]
Despite the fact that the teachings of public law as norms governing the structure and behavior of political power are rooted in the intellectual geography of the West and the history of modern centuries, traces of governmental studies can be traced in the opinions of Eastern thinkers of the past centuries, especially Iranian civilization. Among these, the works of Saadi Shirazi, a writer and thinker of the seventh century AH, have several propositions close to the teachings of modern public law that have been less studied and explained. The present study uses a library method to collect data and a descriptive and analytical method to formulate the discussion. As a result, Saadi Shirazi has striking similarities with the teachings of modern public law on the popular roots of government as the basis of its legitimacy and condition for its survival, and the need to respect the rights of the people as the functional norm of government and its emphasis on rationalism and meritocracy. In some anecdotes, he has even conceptualized modern norms such as freedom of criticism, the principle of legitimated expectations, and the principle of proportionality.