عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, both in domestic and international law, important rules and regulations are in place to respect the rights of prisoners in order to achieve therapeutic goals and prevent crime. The importance of this research is that in the Islamic penal system, imprisonment is considered as a secondary and secondary punishment and is applied in a few cases, so paying attention to human instinct and preserving human values and dignity is very important that the prisoner is also There is no exception to this and all the efforts of the Islamic system are aimed at reforming and treating criminals, and in this regard, valuable rules and regulations have been developed. The purpose of this study is to observe the rights of prisoners and to observe ethics and human rights behavior in accordance with domestic law and international instruments. Accordingly, in this article, we want to examine how the rights of prisoners have been objectively reflected in terms of Imami jurisprudence, Iranian law and international law? Currently, the best and most explicit legal text in the field of human dignity is the executive regulations of the Prisons Organization and educational security measures, in which the examples and manifestations of humane treatment of prisoners are mentioned. The passage of the Law on Respect for Legitimate Freedoms and the Protection of Citizens 'Rights is also a turning point in the protection of prisoners' rights and dignity. In addition, one of the most important international rules on the fundamental principles of the treatment of prisoners is the Rules of Procedure, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 14, 1990.