نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دکتری حقوق بینالملل عمومی، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد قشم، هرمزگان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The need for an international, specialized, and comprehensive maritime organization underlay the development and approval of the International Maritime Consultative Convention in 1948. However, prolongation of the convention's entry into force that lasted for ten years, the emergence of new issues in maritime affairs, revealed the need to amend the aforesaid convention. The present study aims to analyze the amendments to this convention. As a result total of eight amendments has made to this convention. The most important changes off of these modifications may be observed in the structure and pillars of this organization. This council, which initially started it’s activity with sixteen members then gradually promoted to forty with the continuous and permanent membership of developing countries. Accordingly, Maritime Safety Committee, Legal Committee, Marine Environment Protection Committee, Technical Cooperation Committee, and Facilitation Committee were established and then gradually promoted from a secondary committee to a major and specialized committee considering the importance of their activities. In addition to all these structural reforms, according to the Fourth Amendment, adopted in 1975 and put into force in 1982, the name of this organization changed from International Maritime Consultative Organization to the International Maritime Organization. Regarding the amendments, this organization has managed to overcame with the most important challenges of safety, security and marine pollution and developed homogeneous standards all over the world. In the meantime, Iran has played an active role in accepting and approving these amendments. Although there was an interruption between Iran's effective role and the adoption of the fourth to sixth revision to the IMO Charter, once again the importance of the IMO in Iran's maritime policy due to Iran in accepting the seventh and eighth amendments, significantly.